Lesson 5 – Relationships

Pelajaran kali ini masih tentang Budi, David dan Sophie yang berada dalam satu pesawat terbang. Masih ingat, kan?

possessive adjectivesTak disangka-sangka di dalam pesawat tersebut Budi bertemu dengan Peter, tetangganya.

  • Peter: 'Budi, hi, what a surprise to see you here!' (Budi, hai, sungguh sebuah kejutan melihatmu di sini!)
  • Budi: 'Oh, hi Peter. Glad to see you.' (Oh, hai Peter. Senang bertemu kamu.)
  • Peter: 'Glad to see you, too. Are you alone?' (Senang bertemu kamu juga. Apakah kamu sendirian?)
  • Budi: 'Yes, I am. But I have new friends.' (Ya, benar. Tapi aku punya teman-teman baru.) Kemudian Budi memperkenalkan Peter kepada David dan Sophie.
  • Budi: 'Peter, this is Sophie and this is her brother David. They are my new friends.' (Peter, ini Sophie dan ini kakaknya, David. Mereka teman-teman baruku.)
  • Peter: 'Hello, nice to meet you Sophie, and nice to meet you David.' (Halo, senang bertemu kamu Sophie dan senang bertemu kamu David.)
  • David & Sophie: 'Nice to meet you, too Peter.' (Senang bertemu kamu juga, Peter.)
  • Budi: 'Peter is my neighbor.' (Peter tetanggaku.)
  • Sophie: 'Your neighbor?' Oh, what a nice coincidence.' (Tetanggamu? Oh, sungguh sebuah kebetulan yang menyenangkan.)
  • Budi: 'Yes, it is. By the way, Peter is a great singer. His voice is awesome.' (Ya, memang. Ngomong-ngomong, Peter seorang penyanyi hebat. Suaranya keren.)
  • David: 'Wow. That's great. Our hobby is listening to music. Maybe you can sing for us.' (Wow, hebat. Hobi kami mendengarkan musik. Mungkin kamu bisa bernyanyi untuk kami.)
  • Peter: 'Hahaha, sure. Maybe next time.' (Hahaha, tentu. Mungkin lain kali.)

Pembaca yang baik, kalau kita perhatikan percakapan di atas, ada beberapa kata yang saya beri warna biru, seperti: her, my, your, his, our.

Dalam bahasa Inggris, kata-kata tersebut dinamakan possessive adjectives (kata sifat yang menyatakan kepemilikan).


Grammar - Possessive Adjectives

Sekarang kita belajar tentang grammar (tata bahasa) untuk possessive adjectives ini. Silakan hapalkan sebentar ya.

Subject Pronouns Possessive Adjectives
I my
You your
He his
She her
We our
They their
It its

Contoh penggunaan dalam kalimat:

  • This is Mr. Dibyo. He's my teacher. (Ini Pak Dibyo. Beliau guruku.)
  • Is Mrs. Suzanna your mother? (Apakah bu Suzanna ibumu?)
  • Andri has a pillow. His pillow is very soft. (Andri punya sebuah bantal. Bantalnya sangat lembut.)
  • Tasya has a doll. Her doll is expensive. (Tasya punya sebuah boneka. Bonekanya mahal.)
  • Robert and Stephanie are not our children. (Robert dan Stephanie bukan anak-anak kami.)
  • They have a cat. Their cat is white. (Mereka punya seekor kucing. Kucing mereka putih.)
  • This is our dog. Its name is Woofy. (Ini anjing kami. Namanya Woofy.)

Bagaimana, mudah kan?


Exercise Time!

I. Answer the question below. Use the correct possessive adjective. (Jawab pertanyaan di bawah ini. Gunakan possessive adjective yang benar.)

  1. Chika and Tania are students. .......... school is big.
  2. Mr. Ringo is a taxi driver. That's .......... taxi.
  3. Mrs. Helen brings .......... children to a park everyday.
  4. I have a dictionary. .......... dictionary is new.
  5. Vira and I like pink. It's .......... favorite color.
  6. It's Brandon's rabbit. .......... name is Jojo.
  7. This is Mark and .......... brother, Eddy.
  8. 'What's .......... name?' 'My name is Sharon.
  9. She's my sister. .......... name is Kezia.
  10. They are my parents. .......... names are Mr. and Mrs. Hasan.
Cek Jawaban Anda

  1. Chika and Tania are students. Their school is big.
  2. Mr. Ringo is a taxi driver. That's his taxi.
  3. Mrs. Helen brings her children to a park everyday.
  4. I have a dictionary. My dictionary is new.
  5. Vira and I like pink. It's our favorite color.
  6. It's Brandon's rabbit. Its name is Jojo.
  7. This is Mark and his brother, Eddy.
  8. 'What's your name?' 'My name is Sharon.
  9. She's my sister. Her name is Kezia.
  10. They are my parents. Their names are Mr. and Mrs. Hasan.

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II. Which is correct? Choose the correct answer. (JYang mana yang benar? Pilih jawaban yang benar.)

  1. Freddy is (you/your) brother.
  2. (I/My) have a nice car.
  3. Mr. Anton is (we/our) father.
  4. I have a cat. (It/Its) tail is short.
  5. Susan is a nurse. (She/Her) works in a hospital.
  6. Where is (I/my) book?
  7. This is Ramina. (She/Her) is (I/my) good friend.
  8. It's (they/their) dictionary.
  9. Ms. Maria is an English teacher. (She/Her) explanation is very clear.
  10. Mr. Adam is a rich man. (He/His) house is big.
Cek Jawaban Anda

  1. Freddy is (you/your) brother.
  2. (I/My) have a nice car.
  3. Mr. Anton is (we/our) father.
  4. I have a cat. (It/Its) tail is short.
  5. Susan is a nurse. (She/Her) works in a hospital.
  6. Where is (I/my) book?
  7. This is Ramina. (She/Her) is (I/my) good friend.
  8. It's (they/their) dictionary.
  9. Ms. Maria is an English teacher. (She/Her) explanation is very clear.
  10. Mr. Adam is a rich man. (He/His) house is big.

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